America’s Most and Least Popular Senators

McConnell loses spot as least popular senator

Morning Consult illustration by Czarina Divinagracia
  • Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.), a vocal Trump critic, finished at the bottom in his last quarter in office.

  • Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) was the most popular senator for the 11th time in a row.

  • Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) and Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-Miss.) saw 10-point drops in their net approval, the worst in the chamber.

As the 115th Congress came to a close, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell was dethroned from his perch as America’s least popular senator – a first in Morning Consult polling.

According to the latest edition of Morning Consult’s Senator Approval Rankings, the sixth-term Kentucky Republican was trumped for the lowest spot on the list by now-former Sens. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.), who lost her re-election campaign in November, and Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.), who opted not to run again amid a war of words with President Donald Trump.

The latest rankings – based on surveys of 416,853 registered voters across the country conducted Oct. 1 through Dec. 31, 2018 (see methodology here) – found McConnell’s net approval increased 10 percentage points since the third quarter of 2018, with 38 percent of Kentucky voters approving of his job performance and 47 percent disapproving. The fourth quarter marks McConnell’s best showing since the second quarter of 2017 as he prepares for an expected re-election campaign in 2020. (Net approval is the share of voters who approve of a senator minus the share of voters who disapprove. Approval and disapproval figures are rounded.)

Sen. Bernie Sanders maintained his position as America’s most popular senator, with 64 percent of voters in his state approving of him. As he considers a second run for the presidency, the Vermont independent tops the list for the 11th quarter in a row.

Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) is the second-most popular at home among other possible 2020 presidential candidates in the Senate, with the approval of 58 percent of voters in her state. Fifty-one percent of Massachusetts voters approve of Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), who is exploring a run.

  • Approve
  • Don't Know/Undecided
  • Disapprove

Among all senators, Sanders is followed atop the list by fellow Vermonter Pat Leahy (D), and Wyoming Republican John Barrasso, who both had 62 percent approval ratings in the latest surveys.

Barrasso, who was easily re-elected and made chairman of the Senate Republican Conference by his colleagues in November, saw the chamber’s biggest net improvement in approval, jumping 21 points from the third quarter. Behind him was Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), who faces re-election next year and saw his net approval rise 15 points following his fiery defense of Brett Kavanaugh during the Supreme Court justice’s Sept. 27 confirmation hearing.  

Two senators saw 10-point drops in net approval, the largest slides in the latest rankings: Republicans Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Cindy Hyde-Smith of Mississippi.

Alaskan Republicans drove the decline for Murkowski, who opposed Kavanaugh’s confirmation on the Senate floor: Her approval among Republicans fell by 18 points (42 percent to 24 percent) from the third to fourth quarters, while her disapproval grew from 39 percent to 60 percent. It was enough to put the Energy and Natural Resources chairman 3 points underwater on the quarter, with 39 percent of Alaska voters approving and 42 percent disapproving of her.

Changes in sentiment toward Hyde-Smith, a white woman who was dogged by comments referring to a public hanging that came amid a special election campaign against her black opponent, Democrat Mike Espy, were primarily driven by voters who had previously been unsure about her. As the share of voters who either didn’t know about her job performance or had no opinion of it during the third quarter dropped from 39 percent to 24 percent, her disapproval rating rose over the time from 22 percent to 34 percent.

Sen. Doug Jones (D-Ala.), who beat Republican Senate candidate Roy Moore in a special election in 2017 as the GOP candidate faced accusations of child molestation, saw an 8-point drop in his net approval, with 40 percent of Alabamians approving of him and 35 percent disapproving. Since the first quarter of 2018, his net approval has dropped 17 points.

In Arizona, voters hardly got to know Republican Sen. Jon Kyl, who resigned Dec. 31 after being appointed in September to fill the seat held by the late Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.). Kyl was the most unknown senator during his short tenure in the chamber, with a 42 percent plurality of voters having no opinion about him.

On average, 45 percent of Americans approved of their senators, while an average of 32 percent disapproved – nearly the same as it was in the third quarter. Nearly a quarter (23 percent) on average said they did not know or had no opinion about the performance of their senators.

StatePoliticianApproveDisapproveDon't Know / No OpinionMargin of Error
AlabamaRichard Shelby47%27%26%1%
AlabamaDoug Jones40%35%25%1%
AlaskaLisa Murkowski39%42%19%5%
AlaskaDan Sullivan40%33%27%5%
ArizonaJon Kyl35%24%42%1%
ArizonaJeff Flake28%49%24%1%
ArkansasTom Cotton47%31%22%2%
ArkansasJohn Boozman47%26%27%2%
CaliforniaKamala Harris43%29%29%1%
CaliforniaDianne Feinstein43%37%20%1%
ColoradoMichael Bennet39%29%31%1%
ColoradoCory Gardner37%35%28%1%
ConnecticutRichard Blumenthal46%37%17%1%
ConnecticutChris Murphy48%34%19%1%
DelawareTom Carper49%28%22%2%
DelawareChris Coons49%29%22%2%
FloridaMarco Rubio41%38%21%1%
FloridaBill Nelson40%41%19%1%
GeorgiaDavid Perdue46%28%26%1%
GeorgiaJohnny Isakson43%27%31%1%
HawaiiBrian Schatz58%23%19%3%
HawaiiMazie Hirono57%29%14%3%
IdahoMike Crapo46%31%24%2%
IdahoJames Risch43%29%28%2%
IllinoisTammy Duckworth41%33%26%1%
IllinoisDick Durbin36%39%26%1%
IndianaTodd Young39%26%35%1%
IndianaJoe Donnelly39%39%22%1%
IowaChuck Grassley42%40%18%2%
IowaJoni Ernst40%37%23%2%
KansasJerry Moran38%32%30%2%
KansasPat Roberts36%37%28%2%
KentuckyRand Paul43%38%20%1%
KentuckyMitch McConnell38%47%15%1%
LouisianaJohn Kennedy48%24%27%1%
LouisianaBill Cassidy46%26%28%1%
MaineAngus King57%31%12%2%
MaineSusan Collins53%38%9%2%
MarylandBen Cardin50%22%28%1%
MarylandChris Van Hollen44%21%34%1%
MassachusettsElizabeth Warren51%36%13%1%
MassachusettsEd Markey51%22%27%1%
MichiganDebbie Stabenow46%35%20%1%
MichiganGary Peters33%27%40%1%
MinnesotaAmy Klobuchar58%27%15%1%
MinnesotaTina Smith43%26%31%1%
MississippiRoger Wicker50%25%25%2%
MississippiCindy Hyde-Smith42%34%24%2%
MissouriRoy Blunt39%35%26%1%
MissouriClaire McCaskill36%49%15%1%
MontanaJon Tester51%41%9%3%
MontanaSteve Daines49%30%21%3%
NebraskaBen Sasse46%30%24%2%
NebraskaDeb Fischer45%36%20%2%
NevadaDean Heller35%45%20%2%
NevadaCatherine Cortez Masto36%33%31%2%
New HampshireJeanne Shaheen51%32%17%2%
New HampshireMaggie Hassan48%32%20%2%
New JerseyCory Booker47%33%21%1%
New JerseyBob Menendez33%45%22%1%
New MexicoTom Udall42%30%28%2%
New MexicoMartin Heinrich42%32%26%2%
New YorkChuck Schumer47%34%19%1%
New YorkKirsten Gillibrand47%28%26%1%
North CarolinaRichard Burr40%30%30%1%
North CarolinaThom Tillis36%32%32%1%
North DakotaJohn Hoeven54%25%22%3%
North DakotaHeidi Heitkamp42%45%13%3%
OhioSherrod Brown46%29%26%1%
OhioRob Portman38%31%32%1%
OklahomaJames Lankford39%32%29%1%
OklahomaJames Inhofe38%35%27%1%
OregonRon Wyden50%24%26%1%
OregonJeff Merkley47%25%28%1%
PennsylvaniaBob Casey46%29%26%1%
PennsylvaniaPat Toomey37%34%29%1%
Rhode IslandJack Reed54%23%23%2%
Rhode IslandSheldon Whitehouse51%33%16%2%
South CarolinaTim Scott52%22%27%1%
South CarolinaLindsey Graham51%32%18%1%
South DakotaJohn Thune59%27%14%3%
South DakotaMike Rounds56%29%15%3%
TennesseeLamar Alexander43%30%27%1%
TennesseeBob Corker40%36%25%1%
TexasTed Cruz49%35%16%1%
TexasJohn Cornyn43%25%32%1%
UtahMike Lee47%28%25%2%
UtahOrrin Hatch45%37%19%2%
VermontBernie Sanders64%28%7%3%
VermontPatrick Leahy62%23%15%3%
VirginiaMark Warner49%27%24%1%
VirginiaTim Kaine47%32%21%1%
WashingtonPatty Murray45%31%24%1%
WashingtonMaria Cantwell47%30%23%1%
West VirginiaShelley Moore Capito44%33%24%2%
West VirginiaJoe Manchin43%44%13%2%
WisconsinTammy Baldwin49%35%16%1%
WisconsinRon Johnson38%36%27%1%
WyomingMike Enzi56%27%18%4%
WyomingJohn Barrasso62%26%12%4%