Serving the unbanked and underbanked populations in the U.S. requires a tailored approach based on each group’s needs: For the unbanked, it’s better information on services available to them, coupled with efforts to build trust in financial services. For underbanked adults, who tend to be more trusting of financial services providers, it’s innovation in payments.
Serving unbanked adults: The two biggest and most important hurdles in serving unbanked customers will be earning their trust and raising awareness of the services they offer. Most (62 percent) unbanked consumers don’t believe financial services providers care about their financial health, a reversal of underbanked attitudes, and relatively few trust financial institutions to do the right thing.
There’s evidence that unbanked consumers are basing these perceptions on their personal experiences with banks or credit unions: 76 percent of currently unbanked consumers say they have had either a checking or savings account at a bank at some point in the past, and 33 percent say they have had one in the past year.
And of the 53 percent of unbanked U.S. adults who are interested in having a bank account, convenient locations and hours, no fees and no minimum balances are top attractions.
And here’s where increasing awareness comes into play: Many banks, as part of the Bank On platform, already have accounts with these features, but only about 1 in 4 unbanked adults say they’re familiar with Bank On accounts.
Serving underbanked adults: Improving customers’ ability to access their money will bring in more underbanked individuals, but they face stiff competition from payments focused fintechs and neobanks.
Underbanked adults are defined as such specifically because they turn to alternative financial services such as money orders, bill payments services and check cashing outside of the traditional bank. That’s largely because they need access to their money more quickly than banks allow.
Underbanked adults see the lack of payments innovation in banking, so much so that a majority (58 percent) say they could manage their finances just as easily without a bank or credit union account, compared to 34 percent of fully banked adults (those who do not use alternative financial services) that say the same. Underbanked adults don’t just need a place to stash their money, they need the vehicles to send and receive it. Besides using payday lenders, bill pay services and money orders, underbanked adults are also more likely to use prepaid debit cards and own cryptocurrency in order to make payments.
Underbanked adults are more likely to use alternative payments providers, in part due to their higher reported income volatility.
Financial institutions that want to turn underbanked consumers into fully banked customers should embrace features such as providing customers early access to their paychecks, something that banks such as PNC and Huntington Bank have already established — a feature that 61 percent of underbanked adults say would allow them to better manage their finances and would likely eliminate or lessen the need for costly payday or auto title loans.