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Political Intelligence | Q1 2019
Morning Consult's Senator Approval Rankings

On a daily basis, Morning Consult is surveying over 5,000 registered voters across the United States on their senators. Each quarter, we’ll update this page with the latest survey data, providing an in-depth look at how all 100 U.S. senators stand with voters in their state.

 

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The 10 Most Popular and Unpopular Senators
The most popular and unpopular senators are determined by total approval and total disapproval, with net approval (approval minus disapproval) serving as the tiebreaker.
1
Bernie
Sanders
(I - VT)
 62%  31%
2
Patrick
Leahy
(D - VT)
 59%  28%
3
Amy
Klobuchar
(D - MN)
 58%  26%
4
Angus
King
(I - ME)
 58%  29%
5
John
Barrasso
(R - WY)
 56%  26%
6
Mike
Rounds
(R - SD)
 56%  28%
7
John
Hoeven
(R - ND)
 55%  22%
8
John
Thune
(R - SD)
 55%  31%
9
Brian
Schatz
(D - HI)
 53%  25%
10
Jeanne
Shaheen
(D - NH)
 53%  32%

Senator Lookup

Search for a senator to view how their approval has shifted over time, as well as their net approval with each party’s voters. Historical data extends back as far as Morning Consult has tracked for each senator and is not displayed for those senators in their first term.

Each senator is assigned a rank (1-100) to contextualize their approval. The rank is in order of total approval, with net approval serving as a tie-breaker.

Net approval:
All voters
Democrats
Republicans
Independents
Rank
Approval over time:
Approval Disapproval
This is the first quarter of their first term. Check back next quarter for trend data.

Sortable Table

Use the tabs to filter different groupings, and use the dropdown to sort the list.

Favorable
Never Heard Of
Unfavorable
  • Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
    62% 7% 31%
  • Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
    59% 14% 28%
  • Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
    58% 16% 26%
  • Angus King (I-ME)
    58% 13% 29%
  • John Barrasso (R-WY)
    56% 18% 26%
  • Mike Rounds (R-SD)
    56% 16% 28%
  • John Hoeven (R-ND)
    55% 23% 22%
  • John Thune (R-SD)
    55% 14% 31%
  • Brian Schatz (D-HI)
    53% 23% 25%
  • Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH)
    53% 15% 32%
  • Michael Enzi (R-WY)
    52% 25% 23%
  • Chris Coons (D-DE)
    52% 19% 29%
  • Lindsey Graham (R-SC)
    52% 16% 31%
  • Susan Collins (R-ME)
    52% 9% 39%
  • Tim Scott (R-SC)
    51% 28% 21%
  • Ed Markey (D-MA)
    51% 27% 22%
  • Thomas Carper (D-DE)
    51% 20% 30%
  • Ben Cardin (D-MD)
    50% 29% 22%
  • Ron Wyden (D-OR)
    50% 24% 26%
  • Mitt Romney (R-UT)
    50% 21% 29%
  • Maggie Hassan (D-NH)
    50% 17% 33%
  • Jon Tester (D-MT)
    50% 11% 38%
  • John Kennedy (R-LA)
    49% 28% 23%
  • Ben Sasse (R-NE)
    49% 24% 27%
  • Jack Reed (D-RI)
    49% 24% 27%
  • Chris Murphy (D-CT)
    49% 19% 32%
  • Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)
    49% 11% 40%
  • Tom Cotton (R-AR)
    48% 23% 29%
  • Maria Cantwell (D-WA)
    48% 23% 29%
  • Mark Warner (D-VA)
    48% 23% 29%
  • Shelley Capito (R-WV)
    48% 22% 30%
  • Ted Cruz (R-TX)
    48% 17% 35%
  • Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
    48% 18% 35%
  • Bill Cassidy (R-LA)
    47% 30% 24%
  • David Perdue (R-GA)
    47% 29% 25%
  • Patty Murray (D-WA)
    47% 24% 29%
  • Cory Booker (D-NJ)
    47% 20% 33%
  • Mazie Hirono (D-HI)
    47% 19% 34%
  • Chuck Schumer (D-NY)
    47% 18% 35%
  • John Boozman (R-AR)
    46% 29% 25%
  • Richard Shelby (R-AL)
    46% 28% 25%
  • Michael Crapo (R-ID)
    46% 28% 26%
  • Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
    46% 26% 28%
  • Tim Kaine (D-VA)
    46% 21% 33%
  • Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
    46% 22% 33%
  • Deb Fischer (R-NE)
    46% 20% 34%
  • Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI)
    46% 19% 35%
  • Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
    46% 18% 36%
  • Joe Manchin (D-WV)
    46% 13% 41%
  • Chris Van Hollen (D-MD)
    45% 34% 21%
  • Mike Lee (R-UT)
    45% 28% 27%
  • Roger Wicker (R-MS)
    45% 27% 28%
  • Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
    45% 27% 28%
  • Bob Casey (D-PA)
    44% 28% 29%
  • Steve Daines (R-MT)
    44% 26% 31%
  • Marco Rubio (R-FL)
    44% 21% 35%
  • James Risch (R-ID)
    43% 34% 23%
  • Kamala Harris (D-CA)
    43% 28% 29%
  • Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
    43% 27% 30%
  • Lamar Alexander (R-TN)
    43% 28% 30%
  • Marsha Blackburn (R-TN)
    43% 24% 33%
  • Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
    43% 22% 35%
  • Kevin Cramer (R-ND)
    43% 23% 35%
  • Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
    43% 21% 36%
  • Tina Smith (D-MN)
    42% 33% 24%
  • John Cornyn (R-TX)
    42% 33% 25%
  • Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)
    42% 29% 29%
  • Rick Scott (R-FL)
    42% 22% 35%
  • Chuck Grassley (R-IA)
    42% 20% 39%
  • John Isakson (R-GA)
    41% 35% 24%
  • James Lankford (R-OK)
    41% 33% 26%
  • James Inhofe (R-OK)
    41% 31% 29%
  • Tammy Duckworth (D-IL)
    41% 28% 31%
  • Rand Paul (R-KY)
    41% 21% 38%
  • Mike Braun (R-IN)
    40% 33% 27%
  • Doug Jones (D-AL)
    40% 27% 34%
  • Joni Ernst (R-IA)
    40% 23% 37%
  • Todd Young (R-IN)
    39% 37% 25%
  • Michael Bennet (D-CO)
    39% 34% 28%
  • Rob Portman (R-OH)
    39% 33% 28%
  • Tom Udall (D-NM)
    39% 30% 31%
  • Jacky Rosen (D-NV)
    39% 30% 32%
  • Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
    39% 29% 32%
  • Ron Johnson (R-WI)
    39% 29% 33%
  • Catherine Cortez-Masto (D-NV)
    38% 32% 31%
  • Richard Burr (R-NC)
    38% 31% 31%
  • Dan Sullivan (R-AK)
    38% 30% 32%
  • Pat Toomey (R-PA)
    38% 29% 33%
  • Roy Blunt (R-MO)
    38% 28% 35%
  • Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS)
    38% 25% 37%
  • Jerry Moran (R-KS)
    37% 35% 28%
  • Josh Hawley (R-MO)
    37% 34% 30%
  • Dick Durbin (D-IL)
    37% 28% 35%
  • Mitch McConnell (R-KY)
    36% 14% 50%
  • Pat Roberts (R-KS)
    35% 31% 34%
  • Cory Gardner (R-CO)
    35% 30% 35%
  • Martha McSally (R-AZ)
    35% 30% 35%
  • Thom Tillis (R-NC)
    34% 33% 33%
  • Gary Peters (D-MI)
    33% 43% 23%
  • Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
    33% 24% 43%
See all
Insights
A deeper look at some of the trends behind the data.

Note: This section may contain more recent data than what is incorporated in the latest quarterly rankings.
Posted: 04/25/2019
Sanders and Klobuchar Have the Strongest Independent Appeal Among 2020 Hopefuls

Sen. Bernie Sanders has the single highest approval rating among independents, and Sen. Amy Klobuchar has the fourth highest. The rest of the senators running in the Democratic primary fare less well with independents in their state.

Approval Among Independents:
Bernie Sanders +31
Amy Klobuchar +30
Cory Booker +4
Kamala Harris +4
Kirsten Gillibrand +1
Elizabeth Warren -10

Sanders and Klobuchar also rank in the top three for approval among Democrats: Sanders has a net approval of +83 with Vermont Democrats, and Klobuchar is +81 with Minnesota Democrats.

Posted: 04/25/2019
Elizabeth Warren Has the Highest Opposing Party Disapproval

Massachusetts Republicans are fervently opposed to Sen. Elizabeth Warren, signaling a potential vulnerability in her presidential bid as national Democrats fixate on electability.

 

Overall, 82 percent of Massachusetts Republicans disapprove of Warren, while 13 percent approve. Notably, 71 percent of Republicans strongly disapprove – safely the highest level of strong opposition for any senator.

 

These are the five senators with highest opposing party disapproval:

Opposing Party Disapproval:
Elizabeth Warren 82%
Sheldon Whitehouse 72%
Mitch McConnell 72%
Bob Menendez 70%
Dianne Feinstein 70%
Posted:
How Republicans Up for Re-Election Fare With Their Base

Sen. Tom Tillis’ net approval rating dropped 12 points among GOP voters in the first quarter of 2019, with 53 percent approving of his job performance. Only Cory Gardner of Colorado had a lower approval rating (49 percent) among Republican voters during the same time period.

 

These are the five Republican senators with lowest approval among Republicans:

Republican Approval:
Cory Gardner 49%
Thom Tillis 53%
Dan Sullivan 55%
Mitch McConnell 58%
Martha McSally 59%

Lindsey Graham of South Carolina was the most popular GOP senator up for re-election with Republicans in his state, with 80 percent  approving of his work in office.

 

READ MORE

Posted: 04/25/2019
Susan Collins’ Steady Downward Trend Continues

 

A Morning Consult analysis from November found that Sen. Susan Collins’ base of support underwent a dramatic realignment following her decisive vote for Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanauagh as Democratic favorability caved and Republican favorability jumped.  

 

Collins, who is one of the most vulnerable senators up for re-election in 2020, has seen her net approval drop or remain unchanged in each quarter since 2017, with one exception. Overall, her net approval has fallen by 27 points over the last two years.

Net Approval:
2017 Q1 +40
2018 Q1 +21
2019 Q1 +13
Posted: 04/25/2019
Mitt Romney Is the Most Popular Freshman Senator

Already a household name, Sen. Mitt Romney has had a smooth transition into the Senate thus far, at least according to Utah voters. Romney is currently the 20th most popular senator overall, as 50 percent of Utah voters approve of him, while 29 percent disapprove.

 

Here’s a look at the approval ratings of all freshman senators in their first quarter:

Approval:
Mitt Romney 50%
Marsha Blackburn 43%
Kevin Cramer 43%
Kyrsten Sinema 42%
Rick Scott 42%
Mike Braun 40%
Jacky Rosen 39%
Josh Hawley 37%
Posted: 04/25/2019
Lisa Murkowski Polls More Like a Democrat

In 2010, Sen. Lisa Murkowski lost a primary challenge from the right, only to launch a successful write-in campaign in the general election, sealing her reputation as outside the normal partisan bounds.

 

Despite subsequently maintaining the Republican party label, Murkowski is now the only senator with a positive net approval rating with the opposite party (+29 among Alaska Democrats) and a negative net approval with their own party’s voters (-22 among Alaska Republicans).

 

Here are the five senators who have the highest opposing party net approval:

Opposing Party Net Approval:
Lisa Murkowski +29
Lamar Alexander -4
Tim Scott -6
Mitt Romney -7
Pat Toomey -7
Methodology

About Morning Consult Political Intelligence

On a daily basis, Morning Consult surveys over 5,000 registered voters across the United States. Along with approval ratings for senators, Political Intelligence tracks the 2020 election as well as the approval ratings for all governors, and House members, the President, and more at the national, state and congressional district level. Each week, we will release a report with the most important findings on the 2020 election. Sign-up to receive that report in your inbox here.

Results from the most recent update

Morning Consult conducted 472,802 surveys with registered U.S. voters from January 1 through March 31, 2019 to determine the Q1 2019 Senator Rankings.

The margins of error vary by state and party. You can see the margin of error for each senator here.

In each poll, Americans indicated whether they approve or disapprove of the job performance of their U.S. senators. For each question, they could answer strongly approve, somewhat approve, somewhat disapprove, strongly disapprove, or don’t know / no opinion.

Morning Consult obtained an up-to-date list of senators from Sunlight Foundation’s Congress API v3 and Open States API. Survey respondents were assigned to their appropriate senators based on their state of residence.

Morning Consult obtained population parameters for registered voters from the November 2012 Current Population Survey. We applied post-stratification weights based on gender, age, educational attainment and race.

How are senators determined to be vulnerable?

Senators marked as vulnerable are up for reelection in 2020 and occupy a seat that is not considered safe by at least one of the following outlets: Cook Political Report, Inside Elections, or Sabato Crystal Ball.